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Porcelain Tile vs. Ceramic tile

Many customers ask us what the difference is between ceramic and porcelain tiles is.  It can be fairly confusing when buying tile as the characteristics of these two types of tile are fairly similar.  However there are some important differences. Porcelain and Ceramic tile are both technically “Ceramic” tile.  All ceramic tiles are made from a clay mixture that is formed with extreme pressure and then fired.  Tile that is rated porcelain however uses a denser clay, has been formed under greater pressure and is fired at a higher temperature.  These slight differences create a tile that is stronger and impervious to moisture. Ceramic and some porcelain tiles have a glaze on one face of the visible layer of the tile.  This is a protective surface that creates the colored, patterned and durable wear layer.  Some glazes are more durable then others.  To tell how durable a glaze is (And the tile in general) tiles have a PEI rating or manufacturers suggested use.  PEI Rating’s go 1 through 5, where 1 is the least scratch and wear resistant, and 5 being the most scratch and wear resistant. Most porcelain tile have a PEI Rating of 4 or higher. Where as ceramic tiles can be as low as a 1, but can range up to 3.   Un-glazed porcelain, or “through body” porcelain does not have a PEI rating as it does not have a glaze. However it is generally accepted that it is able to withstand heavy traffic.  Through body porcelain also has the advantage of being the same color from front to back. This means that a chip is...

Outdoor Tile Installation in Calgary

  As fall is getting closer and closer, I have looked back at the wonderful summer we have had.  This past summer we have received more phone calls about outdoor tile installations then I can remember having in all our previous years combined. I think a big part of this is the 2cm porcelain tiles that seem to be popping up everywhere.  These products look great and seem to be a perfect match for the climate we have in Calgary.  The pedestal installation system of these products minimizes the risk of damage due to ice damming and frost heaving,  As well these products are exceptionally durable, easy to clean and maintain.     As you can see in the picture above, the tiles are placed on a raised pedestal, allowing an airspace under the tile to allow for moisture movement, running of wires or pipes, or as well to allow for a flooring system that will not penetrate a roofing membrane.  There is a large selection of tiles available in this thickness allowing the system to match any kind of style. These 2cm products are not the only option however for outdoor tile installation.  Given the right circumstances and with the proper prep many other porcelain or natural stone tiles can be installed outdoors in Calgary.  With products such as Schluter Ditra Drain as well as Duradek Tile Dek we are able to bring the beauty of indoors to your outdoor surfaces. Using thinset and other adhesives, the tile and membranes are bonded directly to the structure.  Water is managed both on the surface and in the case of...

Do we have a Showroom?

  We often get asked does CJI Tile and Stone have a showroom? The answer is no, however at the same time the answer is yes. For some businesses, having a showroom is the right answer and makes perfect sense.  Our decision to not have a showroom has a reasoning with multiple layers, stretching from customer satisfaction to simple dollars and cents. We thought we’d  lay out the reasons why CJI Tile is a showroom-free service provider. 1. Price Having a Showroom costs a lot of money, it requires a lot of overhead to build a show room and staff it.  Costs that are ultimately passed onto the consumer.  While we would love to have a flashy showroom to show off what we can do and the products we can provide to our customers we find that we can offer customers more value by not having a showroom. 2. Focus We want to focus on what we do best, which is designing and building your home or business.  We are in a better position to utilize our network of suppliers who already have beautiful showrooms that showcase their amazing products.  As well these suppliers (that can be seen on our suppliers page here) are staffed by knowledgeable, dedicated staff that are specialized in their field whether it is tile, plumbing fixtures or counter tops. 3. Trends The job of keeping up with trends does not end with one quick fix.   As trends evolve, businesses must evolve also to keep up with a specific style or design that is now “in”.  This means complete renovations of these showrooms happens quite...

Schluter Systems

CJI Tile and Stone supplies and installs the complete line of Schluter Systems Products. Including: DITRA uncoupling, waterproofing and vapour equalization membrane for floors. KERDI the waterproofing membrane used around showers, steam showers and tubs. KERDI-SHOWER an integrated family of products that together form a fully bonded, watertight assembly for tiled showers. KERDI-BOARD a multifunctional tile substrate and building panel, which can also be used for creating bonded waterproofing assemblies with tile coverings. We are your Calgary and Area Schluter Systems Installation Specialist.            ...

Floor Tile Installation

Many people, including some trades people, are under the impression that slapping 12 x 12 tiles on the floor is child`s play. Anyone can do it and do it well…this is simply not true. The truth is that installing floor tile is a complex and intricate process; one that is easy to mess up, leaving you with an unflattering floor.       Subfloor Preparation This is the first and most important step in the installation process. Tile needs a stable, non-moving subsurface to do its job. If there is any “give” in your subfloor, your tile and grout will eventually crack and become an eyesore, or worse, a hazard!         CJI has two methods to stabilize the subfloor for our tile installation renovation: Plywood/Hardie Backer Depending on what kind of subfloor you already have, we will add the appropriate substrate to make your floor stable and ready for tile. Usually this is either 1/2″ plywood or 1/4″ Hardie Backer. Occasionally we also use 5/8″ or even 3/4″ plywood. We screw these boards down every 3-4 inches around the perimeter of each sheet, then 6 inches in the middle, ensuring that it will stay in place. In the case of Hardie Backer we also use thin set to bond the board to the previous subfloor. Schluter Ditra System: A polyethylene membrane with a grid honeycomb structure, the ditra is bonded to the subfloor with thinset, followed by the tile being bonded to the ditra with thinset. This provides the best possible solution for vapour transmission, waterproofing and protecting the tile surface from substrate movement. This product...

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